Dogs are in fact in heat for 21 days with three specific stages of the cycle. A female dog, otherwise known as a bitch, will be in heat approximately every six to seven months.
The first stage of a dog in heat in known as the “Proestrus”. It is during this distinct stage that bleeding will become most noticeable by the owner from the vulva. It may be that wherever the dog positions herself she will leave behind blood. However, with some dogs the bleeding really isn’t very much and you may only notice the odd spot. One way to help protect your house from heavier bleeding is to invest in special dog sanitary pants.
Other signs that your dog is in heat will be an increase in the need for your dog to urinate, a swollen vulva and of course male dogs will be showing a keen interest in her. The interest will absolutely not be tolerated by the female dog at this point. This first stage will last between seven and ten days.
The next and second part of the cycle is the most important and relevant one. It is called the “Estrus”. There will be a noticeable change in the color of the blood from bright red to pink and finally to a virtually clear discharge. This part will last between four and seven days and it is at this stage that your dog may become pregnant if she is allowed to mix with any male dogs. At this point one would need to be extra vigilant with a female dog, if you do not wish for her to reproduce. If you are taking her out for a walk or run keep her on a lead. You will be surprised at how hard a male dog will try to mount the female dog during this time. Of course if you are planning to breed her then this is the prime time to introduce her to the male dog.
The third and final stage of the heat cycle is called the “Diestrus.” Although the female is in fact now going out of heat there will still be plenty of male dogs keen to mount her. This is because she will still be giving off the heat scent, even though she is no longer interested in any interaction with male dogs. In fact, she will snap and simply sit or lie down should a male dog try and use this opportunity to mate with her. This stage will last for around seven to ten days.
The age at which a dog will first go in to heat will very much depend on what size they are. In general, larger dogs develop at a slower rate than smaller types and therefore will probably be slightly delayed.
Useful Resource may be found here: http://ianswerit.org/2013/11/17/long-dog-stay-heat/
The needs of dogs are almost similar to the needs of a human being. For a dog to be healthy, he has to eat good food, he needs clean water, he needs regular exercises, he needs daily supplements, he needs love and attention. Above all, your dog needs a proper preventive medicine program to keep at bay the risk of contracting various illnesses.
Even though you may be comfortable that you are feeding your dog the right food, most of the food brands contain meat byproducts, fillers, various chemicals and preservatives. These ingredients have no healthy nutrients at all hence they are stored in the tissues because the body does not know what to do with them.
For that reason, you need to read on the ingredients list so as to understand the type of food you are feeding your dog. Be aware that the food you buy is a commercial product advertised either on TV or radio or newspaper or any other form of advertisement.
By studying keenly the ingredient formula, you will be amazed on how unhealthy the food is. Because of that, it is important to feed your dog different types of food with unprocessed ingredients such as meat, vegetables, omega 3 oil, minerals, flax seed oil and other healthy foods to boost the energy and immune system of your dog.
After giving your dog healthy foods, compliment it with quality supplements. This is because, much of the food you find around is not healthy like it was in fifty years back because of mineral deficiency in the soil and a lot of pollution on the environment. Examples of the supplements you can give your dog include:
- Indian ginseng;
- Milk thistle;
- Cat’s claw;
These are herb supplements which can help your dog in a number of ways including:
- the ability to fight diseases by boosting the immune system;
- Regulating blood pressure;
- Getting rid of stored toxins in the tissues and the organs;
- Supporting healthy blood circulation.
What is more, hydrate your dog with fresh and clean water. Ensure that the source of the water you are giving your dog is clean and safe from contamination; also, ensure that the water bowl is clean. Don’t give your dog water from the tap because it has lots of chemicals from the city treatment plant. Instead, install a tap filter to ensure that you and your pet are drinking clean and safe water free from chemicals.
Moreover, ensure that your dog exercises daily to relieve stress, move the lymph and keep the dog healthy. The body of a dog is designed to move and when you force your dog to stay inside for the whole day, it becomes a recipe for depression. Therefore, make an effort of exercising with your dog by jogging around or playing with him. Playing together with your dog deepens the bond and creates a sense of playfulness in him.
Preventive medicine program will help to keep the cost of your dog veterinarian in check and reducing some of the common illnesses. The efforts you can make include:
Vaccinations are vital in reducing the risk of contacting preventive diseases which can adversely affect your dogs. Vaccinations can help to reduce diseases such as:
- Para influenza;
- Kennel cough;
- Viral hepatitis;
- Corona virus.
Also, you can enquire for Lyme disease vaccination from your veterinarian.
There are a number of ways you can conduct health examination on your dog. One of the ways is to check the healthy of the skin. Here you can check if the skin is red or pink as a sign of inflammation, check the smell of your fingers to indicate a healthy problem. For instance; if your fingers smell fishy or rancid, that can be a sign of a healthy problem.
During your examination, check the inside of your dog’s ears if there is any deposit of wax, smell inside the ears to find out if he has a foul smell. Further, you can examine his mouth to check the healthy status of his teeth. Here, you can check if any of the teeth is brown and if he has a foul breath. If any of the teeth is brown and there is a foul smell, then there is a healthy problem.